In the book, Best Practices in Literacy Instruction (2011), Grambrell, Malloy, and Mazzoni offer 10 evidence based practices for comprehensive literacy instruction. They are all important practices and here I will attempt to rank them in order of importance and provide a brief explanation:
1. Differentiate instruction using a variety of instructionally relevant assessments. This seems to be the cornerstone of most of what is to come with the rest of the list. Students need to be reading (and learning to read) at their level. We need to make sure we are not wasting precious time on things students already know yet not asking students to read texts they are not ready for.